Ghana

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Ghana Tiŋzuɣu
Republic of Ghana

Flag of Ghana.svg Coat of arms of Ghana.svg
Ghana (orthographic projection).svg
Tinzuɣu Accra
Yɛltɔɣ' kpana Dagbanli, Siliminsili, Kambonsili
Palo 238,535 km²
Biɛligu 28,308,301
Anthem [[Lahabali kɔligu:]]

Ghana (Ghana Tinzuɣu), nyɛla tingban' shɛli din be Africa wulinluhili palo, ka di do teeku nima ayi shɛŋa bɛ ni boli “Gulf of Guinea” mini “Atlantic Ocean (teeku moɣa)” yaɣili la. Tingbani ŋɔ yi zahim, di galisim nyɛla 238,535 km2 (92,099 sq m). Zaŋ kpa Ghana wulinluhili n-nyɛ Ivory Coast tiŋgbani, Burkina Faso bela Ghana nuzaa zuɣu,Togo zaŋ kpa di wulimpuhili polo "Golf of Guinea" mini "Atlantic Ocean (teeku mɔɣili) mi zaŋ kpa di nudirigu polo.[1] Soninke sili puni "Ghana" gbunni nyɛla "Sapashin' Naa".[2]

Piligu[mali niŋ | di nyabili mali niŋ]

Tingbani shɛli din daa tuui be "Ghana" tiŋgbani ŋɔ puuni ʒɛmani piniyini la saha n-daa nyɛ Bono tingbani.[3] Yuun' kɔbisi nyaanga, ka tingban' timsa kamani Dagbaŋ mini Kambɔnsi (Ashanti[4]) tiŋgbana gba daa yina pahi.[5][6] Zaŋ chaŋ yuun' kobisinahi nyaanga, Portugal n-ti pahi Silimiin' tiŋ' shɛŋa dabam niriba daa nyɛla ban daa kpaɣintiri lala gbansabila yaɣili ŋɔ zuɣu ni bɛ niŋdi daabiligu di ni. Lala n-daa kuli nyɛ li hali ni yuun' kɔbisinu nyaanga ka Britain Silimiinsi daa ti to n-di n-fa yaɣili maa fukumsi. Yuun' kobiga sunsuuni, yaɣa anahi; Gold Coast[7][8], Kambɔŋ Tiŋa polo, Tudu Yaɣa, n-ti pahi British Togoland daa nyɛla yaɣi kɔŋkɔba shɛŋa ŋan daa be Britain Silimiinsi sulinsi ni. Lala yaɣa ŋɔ daa nyɛla ban daa ti laɣim taba n-lee tinzuɣu m-pahi "Common Wealth" tinzuɣiri ni n-za di gama zuɣu, Silimiin' goli March dabaayɔbu dali yuuni 1957.[9][10][11][1]

Ghana daadam biɛligu kalinli nyɛla bɛ ni buɣisi shɛli ka di paai miliyɔŋ pihita ni yini, ni tusa ayopɔin ni ayi ni kobsi woi ni pihinahi (31,072,940).[12] Addiini mini zuliya gbaliŋ m-be Ghana tingbani ŋɔ ni.[1][13] Zuliya kpana ŋan be Ghana puuni ni yɛri bali shɛŋa n-nyɛ: Dagbanli, Kambɔnsili , Guan, Ewe, Ga, Zabaɣisi, Walsi, Farifarisi, Gbengberi ni Nzema ka Silimiinsili lee nyɛ Gomnanti ni saɣi ti shɛli ni di tɔɣisiri li tuma duri mini shikuruti ni.[1]

Ghana salo puuni, kobiga puuni vaabu pisopɔin ni yini ni pɔnchi ayi(71.2%) nyɛla Dolodolo Yisa nyaandoliba. Ban kpalim mi nyɛla Musulimnima ka bɛ mi kobiga puuni vaabu pinaayopɔin ni pɔnchi ayɔbu, ka buɣi jamdiba mini ban kpalim la vaa pia ni yini( 11%).[1][14]

Ghana nyɛla tingbani shɛli din nyɛ demokiratiya tingbani. Di tiŋgbani zuɣulana n-nyɛ di toondana. Africa gbansabila tingbana puuni, Ghana n-daa nyɛ tiŋ' shɛli din daa tuui deei di maŋsulinsi Silimiinsi sani.[1] Ghana tingbani toon' tibo la chɛmi ka di nyɛ tiŋgbani shɛli din mali yaa ni jilima pam West Africa tingbana ni. Ghana bela tiŋduya laɣinsi kamani Non-Aligned Movement[15], African Union, Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)[16], Group of 24 (G24) n-ti pahi "Commonwealth of Nations"[17].

Nyabli[mali niŋ | di nyabili mali niŋ]

Ghana bachi maa gbunni nyɛla Sapashinna-Naa. Kurumbunni nanima  wuhiya ni Ghana daa bɛla Africa wulinluhili polo.

Vihigu wuhiya ni Ghana daa na ka din yi pa be shɛli ŋɔ amaa ka daa bɛla tudu polo ŋɔ hali n-ti gbaai tiŋ' shɛli bɛ ni booni Guinea la. Ghana Salima galisim daa ku ŋmanila tankpaɣu ni ku be ti ʒilɛli ni sham maa, lala maa zuɣu,  Laribaawanima ban daa dɔli Sahara bopiɛligu maa n-niŋdi daabilim daa pali la yuli m-booni li Gold Coast.

Kurumbuni zuliyanima[mali niŋ | di nyabili mali niŋ]

Ghana daa bɛla tiŋgban' shɛŋa niriba nini ni daa tiɣi pam Bilad el-Sudan[18][19] ni, andunia yuun tusawei. Vihigu wuhiya ni kurumbuna saha, Ghana daa pun beni mi. Ni Dagbamba n-daa su tudu polo maa ka Kambɔnsi mini bi mabihi daa be Ghana sunsuuni ni di nyɔŋ ni.

Tiŋzuɣu[mali niŋ | di nyabili mali niŋ]

Aŋkara (Accra) n-nye Ghana tinzuɣu.[1]

Maŋsulinsi deebu[mali niŋ | di nyabili mali niŋ]

Silimiingɔli March dabaayɔbu dali, yuuni 1957 Gold coast ( din yuli pa booni Ghana la) daa deela bɛ maŋsulinsi gbampiɛla nuuni. Ghana daa leela tingbani shɛli din pahi tinzuɣuri shɛŋa gbampiɛla ni daa mi n-su laɣiŋgu shɛli bɛ ni boli Commonwealth of Nations la, ka  Dr. Kwame Nkrumah [20]daa gari tooni n-lee tiŋgbanizuɣulana n-daa yihi Ghana yuli palo ni ka dunia zaa baŋ di yɛla.[21]

Ghana n-daa nyɛ tuuli gbansabila tiŋgbani shɛli ban daa deei bɛ maŋsulinsi gbampiɛla nuuni. Pɔi ka gbampiɛla daa ti deei Ghana n-su, Ghana daa nyɛla tiŋgbani shɛli din daa pun mali zuliya kara kamani Zabaɣisi (Gonja) mini Dagbamba ka bɛ be Ghana tudu yaɣili polo, Kambɔnsi (Ashanti),  Fantinima zaa daa malila tiŋgbana nti pahi ni tiŋ' shɛŋa din miri Teeku.

Tuuta daa nyɛla bini bɔ shɛli n-ti tiŋgbani palli ban daa na yɔli deei bɛ maŋsulinsi maa ( Ghana). Ŋun daa buɣisi tuuta maa n-daa nyɛ Theodosia Salome Okoh.[22] Tuuta maa daa mali kɔma ŋɔ di puuni; zaɣ' ʒee ( red), zaɣ' dozim ( gold color), zaɣ' vakahili( green) nti pahi sanŋmari' sabili (black star) ka di be zaɣ' dozim maa sunsuuni. Zaɣ' ʒee maa zami n-ti ʒi' shɛli bɛ ni daa kpaai Ghana maŋsulinsi deebu ni la. Zaɣ' dozim maa mi zami  n-ti bun' shɛli tiŋgbani maa ni ʒira ka zaɣ' vakahili maa mi za n-ti tihi ni mɔ' shɛŋa tiŋgbani maa ni mali. Sanŋmari' sabinli maa mi zami n-ti daadamanima ban be tingbani maani niŋgbuŋ kom ka lahi za n-ti gbansabila zaa (Africans).

Shikuriti[mali niŋ | di nyabili mali niŋ]

Ghana shikuru baŋsim sochibsi pula buta zuɣu, ŋanima n-nyɛ Basic Education, Secondary cycle, ni Tertiary. Basic Education yaɣli ŋɔ niŋdila yuun' pia ni yini ( di gbaala bihi ban nyɛ yuma anahi hali ni yuun' pia ni anu ). Basic Education pubu ŋɔ gba yaɣa n-nyɛ kindergarten ( yuma ayi), Primary school ( pula buyi ka di zaa niŋdi yuma ata ata) ni Junior High ( yuma ata ). Junior High School ŋɔ bahigu mali dahimbu shɛli bɛ ni booni Basic Education Certificate Examination. Bia yi naai BECE ŋɔ ka o gbana viɛla, o ni tuɣi o bɔhimbu Secondary cycle. To, bia mali piibu zaŋ chaŋ shikuru yaɣa ayi dini nyɛ Vocational Education ( nuuni tuumbaŋsim) bee General education ( baŋsim bɔbigu yaɣili din pa nuuni baŋsim ). Senior high shikuru niŋdila yuma ata ka mali dahimbu shiɛli bɛ ni booni booni West African School Certificate Examination ( WASCE), ka di nyɛ di ni tu ni shikurubila mali di shɛhira dini viɛla ka naanyi tooi chaŋ nti niŋ University nti tuɣi o bohimbu.

Geography mini Geology[mali niŋ | di nyabili mali niŋ]

Gɔmnanti mini Siyaasa Saha[mali niŋ | di nyabili mali niŋ]

Daabiligu[mali niŋ | di nyabili mali niŋ]

Kaya[mali niŋ | di nyabili mali niŋ]

Ghana kaya nyɛla balibu din laɣim bohimbu mini dihi tabli Ghana zuliya balibu pam. Yuuni 2010 Ghana salo kalinli lahibali wuhiya ni zuliya shɛli ban galsi n-nyɛ Kambonsi ka bɛ vaabu yiɣisi pihinahi ni ayopɔin ni pɔnchi ata (47.3), Dagbamba vaabu piiya ni ayɔbu ni pɔnchi ayobu(16.6), Aligbenima vaabu piiya ni ata ni pɔnchi awoi (13.9),Aŋunanima vaabu apoin ni pɔnchi anahi (7.4), Gurimanima yiɣisi vaabu bunu ni pɔnchi ayopɔin (5.7) nti pahi Guan zuliya ka bɛ mi yiɣisi vaabu buta ni pɔnchi ayopɔin (3.7).

Dabisi gahinda ŋan be Ghana taarihi ni[mali niŋ | di nyabili mali niŋ]

  1. March 6,1957 ka Ghana daa dee maŋsulinsi Eilimiinsi sani.
  2. July 1,1960 ka Ghana daa leei Republic.
  3. February 3,1964 ka Ghana daa kpalim paati yini Tingbani.
  4. February 24,1966 ka soojanim ban toondana daa nyɛ Col. E. K. Kotoka daa ŋme m-paai Nkrumah paati gaŋ gomnanti.
  5. August 31, 1970 ka Akuffo- Addo daa po pɔri ka leei Ghana zuɣulana Republic din pahiri ayi la ni.
  6. January 13, 1972 ka linjimanima ban toondana daa nyɛ Lieutenant Colonel I.K. Acheampong daa ŋme m-paai gomnanti ka ʒini.
  7. June 4, 1979 dabisili ŋɔ ka linjima ban toondana daa nyɛ Flight Lieutenant Jerry John Rawlings daa ŋme m-paai Acheampong gomnanti.
  8. September 24, 1979 ka Dr. Hilla Limann daa po pɔri ka deei Ghana nam kuɣu ka di leei Republic din pahiri ata.
  9. December 31, 1981 dabsili ŋɔ ka Flight Lieutenant J.J. Rawlings daa gari linjimanima tooni ka bɛ daa ŋme ka fa zuɣulaantali.
  10. January 7, 1993 ka bɛ daa po Flight Lieutenant J.J.Rawlings pɔri ka o ʒini Ghana nam kuɣu zuɣu ka di daa leei Republic dini pahiri anahi.
  11. January 7, 2001 Mr. John Agyekum Kufuor gba daa po pɔri ka leei Ghana zuɣulana.
  12. July 1,2007 Ghana daa ŋma shiiri laɣ' pala.
  13. January 7, 2009 ka Prof. John Evans Atta Mills daa po pɔri ka leei Ghana zuɣulana.
  14. July 24, 2012 Prof. Evans Atta Mills daa kɔŋ o nyɛvuli.
  15. July 24, 2012 dabisili ka bɛ daa po John Dramani Mahama( ŋuni n-daa nyɛ J.E.A. Mills wulana) pɔri ka o ʒini Ghana nam kuɣu zuɣu.
  16. January 7, 2013 John Dramani Mahama daa lahi po pɔri dini daa niŋ ka o di nasara piibu piibu din daa niŋ December 7, 2012 la ni.
  17. January 7, 2017 ka Nana Addo- Dankwa Akufo- Addo daa po pɔri n-leei Ghana zuɣulana.
  18. January 7, 2021ka Nana Addo- Dankwa Akufo- Addo daa lahi po pɔri n-leei Ghana zuɣulana mpahi buyi zuɣu.

Kundivihira[mali niŋ | di nyabili mali niŋ]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 Ghana (English). The World Factbook. Retrieved 20 May 2016.
  2. Jackson, John G. (2001) Introduction to African Civilizations, Citadel Press, p. 201, Tɛmplet:ISBN.
  3. The Early History of the Akan States of Ghana (English). Red Candle Press.. Retrieved 1975.
  4. https://www.britannica.com/place/Asante-empire
  5. Danver, Steven L. "Native Peoples of the World: An Encyclopedia of Groups, Cultures and Contemporary Issues" (in English). Routledge. Retrieved 10 March 2015.
  6. Asante Kingdom (English). African Studies Centre, Leiden. Retrieved 8 June 2014..
  7. http://slaveryandremembrance.org/articles/article/?id=A0109
  8. https://www.nationsonline.org/oneworld/ghana.htm
  9. A New Nation. Gold Coast becomes Ghana In Ceremony, 1957/03/07 (English). Universal Newsreel. Retrieved 20 February 2012.
  10. Gold Coast to Ghana (English). BBC. Retrieved 29 February 2012..
  11. Exploring Africa – Decolonization (English). exploringafrica.matrix.msu.edu. Retrieved 2 June 2013.
  12. 2010 Population & Housing Census: National Analytical Report (English). www.worldometers. Retrieved 23 January 2014..
  13. 2020 Population Projection by Sex, 2010–2020 (English). Ghana Statistical Service. Retrieved 2 May 2018.
  14. "2010 Population & Housing Census: National Analytical Report" (English). Ghana Statistical Service.. Retrieved 23 January 2014..
  15. https://www.nti.org/learn/treaties-and-regimes/non-aligned-movement-nam/
  16. https://www.ecowas.int/
  17. https://thecommonwealth.org/member-countries
  18. https://www.amazon.com/Bilad-AlSudan-Essays-Africa-Afrocentricity/dp/0983379734
  19. https://blackhistory938.wordpress.com/2017/07/05/jews-of-bilad-el-sudan/
  20. Dr Kwame Nkrumah
  21. How Teacher Christa McAuliffe Was Selected for the Disastrous Challenger Mission (English). biography.com. Retrieved SEP 15, 2020.
  22. Ghana Famous People (English). ghanaweb.com.