Moroccan dirham

Diyila Dagbani Wikipedia
Yiɣi chaŋ yaɣa shɛli Yiɣi chaŋ vihigu ni
Moroccan dirham
currency, dirham
TiŋaMoroco Mali niŋ
Central bank/issuerBank Al-Maghrib Mali niŋ
Pilibu saha1882 Mali niŋ
Unit symbolDH Mali niŋ

Moroccan dirham (Arabic: درهم, romanized: dirham, Moroccan Arabic: درهم, romanized: derhem; Berber languages: ⴷⵔⵀⵎ, romanized: drhm; sign: DH; code: MAD) nyɛla Morocco liɣiri. Bank Al-Maghrib n yihiri li na, central bank of Morocco. Moroccan dirham zaɣi yini pirigi la 100 santimat (gaŋa: santim; Arabic: سنتيم).

Taarihi[mali niŋ | mali mi di yibu sheena n-niŋ]

Lala bachi ŋɔ dirham yimi na Greek liɣiri ni, drachma. Idrissid dirham, "silver coin", nyɛla bɛ ni na ŋma shɛli Morocco Idrisid dynasty saha bini din gbaai 8th zaŋ chaŋ 10th centuries.[1]

Pɔi ka ʒɛmana laɣibaligu ti yina yuuni 1882, Morocco daa yimi na ni "copper" laɣibaligu ka dalimli falus, "silver" laɣibaligu daa dalim mi ni dirham, ka salima laɣibaligu dalim ni benduqi. Bini din gbaai yuuni 1882, dirham daa nyɛla Moroccan rial yaɣ'shɛli, ni 500 Mazunas = 10 dirham = 1 rial.

Morocco ni daa pahi French ni su tiŋgbani shɛli ni yuuni 1912di daa taɣi chaŋ Moroccan franc. Dirham daa lahi labi yina silimiin goli 16 October 1960.[2] Di daa zani mi n-ti franc din nyɛ di laɣi zuɣu,amaa,zaŋ hali ni yuuni 1974, franc daa na kuli gɔri min n-ginda, ni 1 dirham = 100 francs.Yuuni 1974, centime daa yina ti zani franc zaani.[3]

Laɣibaligu[mali niŋ | mali mi di yibu sheena n-niŋ]

Yuuni 1960, silver 1 dirham laɣibaligu daa yina.Din bɔŋɔ nyaaŋa nickel 1 dirham mini silver 5 dirham laɣibaligu daa yina yuuni 1965. Yuuni 1974, santim ni daa yina,laɣibaligu zaɣ'pala daa yina ni 1, 5, 10, 20 n-ti pahi 50 santimat ni 1 mini 5 dirham laɣibaligu. 1 santim laɣibaligu daa nyɛla aluminium, 5 zaŋ chaŋ 20 santimat daa mali mi ni brass, ka di dibaa ata din du zuɣusaa mi mali ni cupro-nickel. Laɣibali pala din daa mali ni cupro-nickel 5 dirham daa yina pahi 1980 ka bɛ taɣi kuri dibaa ayi malibu yuuni 1987. Lala kuri dibaa ayi laɣibaligu ŋɔ mali la yihibuna dabisili dibaaa ayi,dabisili—1987 Gregorian calendar puuni n-ti pahi 1407 Islamic calendar ni.

1 santim daa yimi na hali ni yuuni 1987 ka nahingbaŋ palli daa labi mali, 12 dirham ka di zani 50 santimat zaani ka di galisim bi taɣi. 5 dirhamlaɣibali palli daa nyɛla kuri dibaa ayi malibu, lala n-daa lahi nyɛ 10 dirham din daa yina yuuni 1995. Cupro-nickel 2 dirham laɣibaligu daa yina yuuni 2002. Yuuni 2012, laɣibaligu zaɣi pala daa yina, ni 5 mini 10 dirham din daa mali anfooni din nyɛ ashili nahingbaŋ soɣirili.[citation needed]

2012 Dirham Coins [4]
Value Technical parameters Description
Diameter Mass Composition Edge Obverse Reverse
10 santimat 20 mm 3 g Nordic gold
89% copper
5% aluminium
5% zinc
1% tin
Reeded Arms of the Kingdom and inscription "Kingdom of Morocco" Saffron flower and bee
20 santimat 23 mm 4 g Reeded Lotus flower and design representing Earth
Tɛmplet:1/2 dirham 21 mm 4 g Cupronickel
75% copper
25% nickel
Reeded Arms of the Kingdom and inscription "Kingdom of Morocco" Design representing fish in the ocean
1 dirham 24 mm 6 g Reeded Mohammed VI Arms of the Kingdom and inscription "Kingdom of Morocco"
5 dirhams 25 mm 7.5 g Ring: Cupronickel (as 1 dirham)
Center: 70% Cu 24.5% Zn 5.5% Ni
Segmented reeding Mohammed VI Hassan II mosque, with security feature
10 dirhams 28 mm 12 g Ring: Aluminium bronze (as 5 santimat)
Center: Cupronickel (as 1 dirham)
Reeded with Stars Inscription Mohammed VI (earlier issues show Hassan II) Boumalne Dades, with security feature
For table standards, see the coin specification table.

Banki noosi[mali niŋ | mali mi di yibu sheena n-niŋ]

50 dirhams and Ksour in the background

Banki nooti tuuli din daa yina ka mali dirham dalinli daa pirinti yaɣi franc nooti piligu, ni dalini 50 dirhams ( 5,000 francs zuɣu) n-ti pahi 100 dirhams ( 10,000 francs zuɣu). Yuuni 1965, gbaŋ pala daa yina ni 5, 10 mini 50 dirhams. 100 dirham gbana daa yina yuuni 1970, ka 200 dirham gbana daa yina yuuni 1991 n-ti pahi 20 dirham gbana daa yina yuuni 1996. 5 dirham laɣibaligu daa yina ti zani ti di gbaŋ 1980, ka 10 dirham gba laɣibaligu daa zani ti di gbaŋ yuuni 1995. Silimiin goli-October 2009 sunsuuni, Bank Al-Maghrib daa yina ni miliyɔŋ 50-dirham banki laɣigbaŋ ni di zani ti 50th anniversary yɛla teebu. Lala gbaŋ ŋɔ yɛliŋ nyɛla 147 × 70 mm ka mali naa Mohammed VI, Hassan II, n-ti pahi naa Mohammed V anfooni nima. Di nyaaŋa mi mali la Bank Al-Maghrib din be Rabat anfooni. Mohammed V ni daa di alizam shɛli yuuni 1959 Bank Al-Maghrib yooi bu ni sabi la bachi bihi n-tabili di nyaaŋa.[5]

Silimiin goli December 2012, Bank Al-Maghrib daa yina ni 25-dirham laɣigbaŋ di yɛn zani n-ti "25th anniversary" zaŋ ti "Moroccan State Printing Works", Dar As-Sikkah. Di ni n-nyɛ dunia zaa tuuli liɣiri di pirinti ni Durasafe, "paper-polymer-paper" "Fortress Paper" ni mali shɛli. Lala laɣifu ŋɔ tooni mali la "intaglio vignette" mini "watermark" din nyɛ Naa Mohammed VI anfooni, ni "magenta-green color" ashili miya. Miya maa, kamani "watermark" maa, nyɛla bɛ ni mali shɛli niŋ puuni amaa ka di nan tooi nya yaɣ'yini polo. Di lahi mali la "polymer window" din nɛ ka mali "King's royal crest". Di nyaaŋa mali la "vignette" din wuhiori yuma 25 banki liɣiri ŋmabu "Moroccan State Printing Works, Dar As-Sikkah". Takoriti din be Durasafe nyɛla inki pirigibu buta ni nam shɛli.Yaɣili din nɛ che mi ka niri ni too nya gali din be di puuni maa mini Naa Mohammed VI anfooni din be gbunni ka gu ka taɣi, amaa ka ni tooi nya viɛnyɛla "polymer core" maa shee. "Thrusafe" din nɛ nyɛla "die-cutting" ni nam shɛli gbaŋ maa nyaaŋa ni di yihi "polymer core" maa polo.[6]

Silimiin goli August 15, 2013, Bank Al-Maghrib daa moli banki gbaŋ pala yihibu na. Gbaŋ din mali Naa Mohammed VI mini nam zupiligu. Di zaa yini kam wuhirila Morocco dunoli di nuzaa polo, ka wuhiri tiŋgbani maa binmɛra fɔli, ka wuhiri tiŋgbani maa ni yooi ti salo shɛm.[7][8][9][10]

Yuuni 2019, Bank Al-Maghrib daa yina ni 20-dirham laɣi gbaŋ din daa nyɛ "polymer" malibu ni di zani n-ti "20th anniversary" Naa Mohammed VI ni zali shɛli Morocco nam kuɣu ni.

Banknotes of the Moroccan dirham[11]
1987 Series (Including 1991 Revision)
Danko Yɛliŋ Tooni Nyaaŋa Nahingbaŋ Buɣisibu Dabisili zaŋ ti
Tooni Nyaaŋa Watermark Pirintibu Yibu na
10 dirhams 143 × 70 mm Yellow and pink (1987)
violet (1991)
Hassan II Moroccan lute, pillar Hassan II 1987 1987/ca. 1991
50 dirhams 148 × 70 mm Green Hassan II A fantasia scene Hassan II 1987 1987/ca. 1991
100 dirhams 153 × 75 mm Brown Hassan II The Green March into the Spanish Sahara (October, 1975), Desert rose Hassan II 1987 1987/ca. 1991
200 dirhams 158 × 75 mm Blue Hassan II Conch shell, a branch of coral, and a Dhow. Hassan II 1987 ca. 1991
1996 Series
20 dirhams 130 × 68 mm Brown-reddish Hassan II, Great mosque of Casablanca Wall fountain of the Hassan II Mosque Hassan II 1996 1996
2002 Series
20 dirhams 140 × 70 mm Violet Mohammed VI, "Bab Challah" (Challah gate) in Rabat A panoramical view of the Oudayas Mohammed VI and "20" 2005 2005
50 dirhams 147 × 70 mm Green Mohammed VI A clay-made building (Ksour) Mohammed VI and "50" 2002 2002
100 dirhams 150 × 78 mm Brown Mohammed VI, Mohammed V and Hassan II The Green March into the Spanish Sahara (October, 1975) Mohammed VI and "100" 2002 2002
200 dirhams 158 × 78 mm Blue Mohammed VI and Hassan II, Grand mosque of Casablanca A window of the Hassan II Mosque, Lighthouse of Casablanca (Pointe el-Hank) Mohammed VI and "200" 2002 2002
2013 Series
20 dirhams 131 × 70 mm Purple, orange and blue Mohammed VI, coat of arms of Morocco Train crossing Hassan II Bridge over the Bou Regreg river in Rabat; Hassan II Mosque and city buildings in Casablanca Mohammed VI and electrotype 20 2012 2013
50 dirhams 138 × 70 mm Green, yellow and blue Mohammed VI, coat of arms of Morocco Ouzoud Falls; argan tree, fruit, and bird Mohammed VI and electrotype 50 2012 2013
100 dirhams 145 × 70 mm Brown, yellow, violet and blue Mohammed VI; coat of arms of Morocco Sahrawi tent; wind turbine farm; three camels with riders on a desert Mohammed VI and electrotype 100 2012 2012
200 dirhams 151 × 70 mm Blue, green and violet Mohammed VI; coat of arms of Morocco Cargo ship, gantry cranes, and shipping containers in the port of Tangier; lighthouse and trees on Cape Spartel in Tangier Mohammed VI and electrotype 200 2012 2012
Tɛmplet:Standard banknote table notice

Yu shɛŋa sokam ni mi mini zaŋ tum tuma[mali niŋ | mali mi di yibu sheena n-niŋ]

Yuya pam bɛni zaŋ ti yuya bɔlibu Morocco tiŋgbani ni; tiŋgbani bi kali li m-pahi jina ni. Din nima n-nyɛ rial (Larigu bɔlibu: [rjal]), ka di zani n-ti 5 santimat, ni franc [frˤɑnk], ka di zani n-ti 1 santim. Saha kam, di yi ti kana binyɛra din daa bi paai dirham, bɛ tooi zooi ka bɛ mali rial bee santim n kuri bukaata. Binyɛra din daa be zuɣusaa, kamani lɔra, di daa tooi booni mi ni santimat. Amaa, rial tooi zooi la bɔlibu larigu yɛlibu sheei ka centime mi yirina French yɛlibu ni.

Amma bipola dii bi mali li kuri bukaata, 1,000, 2,000, zaŋ hali ni 100,000 francs nyɛla ban daa be French sulinsi ni saha ni yan booni shɛli bɛ yi ti booni 10, 20 and 1,000 dirham.[citation needed] Lala n lahi nyɛli, rial gba tooi zani mi n-tiri binyɛra daa din du n-gari dirham, ka paai 5,000 dhs (100,000 rial). Morocco larigu yɛlibu ni ka ŋɔ tooi yirina.

Morocco dirham gba nyɛla din saɣi n-ti Ceuta dahi ni, di mini binyɛra daa sabiri ni euros maa zaa yoli.[12]Tɛmplet:Exchange rate

Lihimi m-pahi[mali niŋ | mali mi di yibu sheena n-niŋ]

Noosi[mali niŋ | mali mi di yibu sheena n-niŋ]

  1. Qantara - The Idrisids (789- 974).
  2. Linzmayer, Owen (2013). "Morocco". The Banknote Book. San Francisco, CA: www.BanknoteNews.com.
  3. Krause and Mishler, 1995 Standard Catalog of World Coins, krause publications
  4. Bank Al-Maghrib. Bkam.ma.
  5. Morocco new 50-dirham commemorative confirmed Archived 2018-07-31 at the Wayback Machine BanknoteNews.com. Retrieved 2012-06-06.
  6. Morocco new 25-dirham commemorative world's first printed on Durasafe substrate Archived 2013-02-05 at the Wayback Machine BanknoteNews.com. February 1, 2013. Retrieved on 2013-02-02.
  7. Morocco new 20-, 50-, 100-, and 200-dirham notes to be issued 15.08.2013 Archived 2013-08-06 at the Wayback Machine BanknoteNews.com. July 25, 2013. Retrieved on 2013-07-26.
  8. Morocco new 200-dirham note confirmed Archived 2014-01-16 at the Wayback Machine BanknoteNews.com. August 26, 2013. Retrieved on 2013-09-04.
  9. Morocco new 100-dirham note confirmed Archived 2014-01-16 at the Wayback Machine BanknoteNews.com. September 16, 2013. Retrieved on 2013-09-18.
  10. Morocco new 20- and 50-dirham notes confirmed Archived 2014-01-16 at the Wayback Machine BanknoteNews.com. December 28, 2013. Retrieved on 2014-01-15.
  11. Bank Al-Maghrib. Bkam.ma.
  12. "Morocco 'mule women' in back-breaking trade from Spain enclave" (en). 2017-10-06. https://www.thelocal.es/20171006/morocco-mule-women-in-back-breaking-trade-from-spain-enclave.

Kundivihira[mali niŋ | mali mi di yibu sheena n-niŋ]

External links[mali niŋ | mali mi di yibu sheena n-niŋ]

Tɛmplet:Economy of Morocco Tɛmplet:Currencies of Africa Lua bi niŋ dede:bad argument #2 to 'title.new' (unrecognized namespace name 'Portal')